.300 Winchester Short Magnum

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.300 Winchester Short Magnum Gun Stats

.300 Winchester Short Magnum

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It is now clear that Winchester magnum rounds are powerful rounds that exist for the extra reach and punch that many shooters demand. One of the most famous Winchester rounds is the 20th century 300 Winchester Magnum. It has reigned since its inception and will most likely continue to do so in the future. However, the beginning of the 21st century saw the release of a new Winchester .30 caliber—the.300 Winchester Short Magnum. The 300 Winchester Short Magnum, or .300 WSM, is a .30 caliber rebated (beltless) rim, bottlenecked centerfire short magnum cartridge that was introduced in 2001 by Winchester. Loosely based on a shortened .404 Jeffery, this short-action cartridge was purportedly designed to match the ballistics of its older Winchester sibling in a lighter rifle with a more rigid action. Unlike its benevolent older sibling that covers a wide range of use, the 300 WSM is a hunting cartridge that is adequate for big games such as (but not limited to) moose, elks, white-tailed deer, black bear and mule deer. Case This Winchester Short Magnum has an overall cartridge length of 2.860 inches and a cartridge case length of 2.100 inches. It is shorter in length than the 1965 Winchester 300 magnum, but makes up for it in volume. With a fatter diameter body of 0.555 inches, it gets the necessary powder volume of up to 80 grains for more uniform ignitions and, theoretically, inherent accuracy. The .300 WSM has a ballistic diameter of 0.308 inches, which is common for 30-caliber cartridges. A typical bullet weight can be either 150, 180, or 200 grains, traveling at a muzzle velocity of 2800 fps–3300 fps, and creating muzzle energy of up to 3600 ft lb. This makes it reliable ammunition to take down game animals with plenty of killing power. It also boasts impressive long-range accuracy and a ballistic performance nearly identical to that of the.300 Winchester Magnum, with a shorter action and burning 8–10% less gunpowder. What rifle is best suited for this round? Rifles that are suitable for the .300 WSM are short-action rifles. It is shorter, slightly lighter, more compact, and maybe a trifle easier and faster to handle, making it ideal for the round. The recoil for a cartridge producing the energy that the 300 WSM generates is not tame and a real kicker. The .300 WSM cartridge has certainly proven itself—it has plenty of killing power and will truly take any game animal that a .30-caliber will take, but if your hunting rifle doesn’t feed right, you will end up frustrated. This has been a problem that has frustrated hunters, as well as the fact that due to its staunch shape, it takes up a lot of the magazine capacity.

.300 Winchester Short Magnum For Sale

.300 Winchester Short Magnum Specs

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The .300 Winchester Short Magnum was introduced in 2001. It offers ballistics similar to the .300 Winchester Magnum in a shorter action rifle using 8-10% less powder.  This caliber’s advertised performance made it instantly popular with big game hunters as well as manufacturers who prefer to build short-action rifles that are cheaper to produce.

.300 Winchester Short Magnum History


.300 Winchester Short Magnum Usage

The .300 WSM is designed for large big game hunting including bear, moose, elk, and deer. It is also used for bench rest shooting.  Many of its users choose this caliber over other .30 caliber magnum cartridges for its advertised velocity that is comparable to .300 WINMAG and significantly higher than .308 Winchester.
The.300 WSM came under scrutiny when the firearms community learned that the advertised velocity of the round was based on a test using a 36 inch long barrel instead of a more typical and honest barrel length such as 24 or 26 inches.  This led many people to abandon the cartridge as the muzzle velocity in barrels of typical length falls short of expectations.

.300 Winchester Short Magnum Trivia


.300 Winchester Short Magnum Design

The .300 WSM is a rebated rim, bottleneck cartridge with an overall length of 2.86” and a case capacity of 80.4 grains (H2O). It fires a .308” diameter bullet using large, magnum rifle primers with a maximum pressure of 63,817 PSI. Standard rifling twist rate is 1:10”.

Ammunition choices for the .300 WSM include soft point, hollow point, and polymer tipped in weights ranging from 150 grains to 200 grains depending on intended use. Handloaders have more options available.

.300 Winchester Short Magnum Types


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